University of Texas at El Paso
Psychology Department
Wendy Francis    

Dr. Wendy S. Francis
Personal Information    

Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles (1996)


Curriculum Vitae

Bilingual Cognition Lab

Research Interests    

Dr. Francis' primary research interests are in four related areas of human cognition:


1.      the functional organization of bilingual memory

2.      transfer processes in human memory

3.      representation of and access to words and concepts in long-term memory

4.      the impact of working in a less fluent language on memory performance


The bilingual cognition laboratory has focused on the question of how bilinguals access their vocabulary in comprehension and production using simple tasks such as picture naming, translation, and semantic classification. The experiments have examined how the speed of access to vocabulary and associated concepts changes as a function of learning, including both experimental and pre-experimental experience, and the impact of a single learning episode over time.  The effects of identical and partial repetitions of these tasks on response time are used to derive the processes involved and to elucidate the mechanisms of learning involved in repetition priming. Other projects examine transfer of learning across languages and how the greater attentional demands and lower familiarity of a less fluent language impact explicit and implicit memory processes.

Sample Publications    

Francis, W. S., Camacho, A., & Lara, C.  (2014).  Words translated in sentence contexts produce repetition priming in visual word comprehension and spoken word production.  Memory & Cognition, 42, 1143-1154.

Francis, W. S., Tokowicz, N., & Kroll, J. F.  (2014).  The consequences of language proficiency and difficulty of lexical access for translation performance and priming.  Memory & Cognition, 42, 27-40.

Francis, W. S., & Strobach, E. N.  (2013).  The bilingual L2 advantage in recognition memory.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20, 1296-1303.

Francis, W. S., Durán, G., Augustini, B. K., Luévano, G., Arzate, J. C., & Sáenz, S. P. (2011). Decomposition of repetition priming processes in word translation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, 187-205.

Francis, W. S., Corral, N. I., Jones, M. L., & Sáenz, S. P. (2008). Decomposition of repetition priming components in picture naming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 566-590.

Francis, W. S., & Sáenz, S. P. (2007). Repetition priming endurance in picture naming and translation: Contributions of component processes. Memory & Cognition, 35, 481-493.

Francis, W. S., & Gallard, S. L. K. (2005). Concept mediation in trilingual translation: Evidence from response times and repetition priming patterns. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12, 1082-1088.

Francis, W. S., Augustini, B. K, & Sáenz, S. P. (2003). Repetition priming in picture naming and translation depends on shared processes and their difficulty: Evidence from Spanish-English bilinguals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29, 1283-1297. 

Francis, W. S. (1999). Cognitive integration of language and memory in bilinguals: semantic representation. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 193-222. 

Contact Information    


Phone: 1-915-747-8956
Fax: 1-915-747-6553

214 Psychology Building
Department of Psychology
University of Texas at El Paso
El Paso TX, 79968

PSYC 1303 - Statistical Methods

PSYC 3348 - Cognitive Psychology

PSYC 3320 - Learning & Memory


PSYC 5335 - Categorical Data Analysis