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UTEP Student Project Abstracts    

Group 1

TREATMENT OF END-OF-LIFE VEHICLE


This project is carried out to develop a GaBi model for an End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV).  The various processes involved in recovering and recycling an ELV are considered and some new methods of reducing the Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) are implemented. There are three important stages involved in the treatment of an ELV before it is sent to the landfill. Firstly the ELV is drained of all the fluids. Then all the major parts which are easy to be removed are separated and sent for recycling. Last, the remaining ELV is subjected to shredding. This is where some new methods of incineration process are followed to decrease the ASR. The appropriateness of all these stages is found using the GaBi model. Three different Plans for each stage are constructed with the corresponding processes involved, which are in turn connected to form the final model. Based on the analysis of this model the effectiveness of the treatment of end-of-life vehicle is found. (Powerpoint Presentations HERE)

Group 2

LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF A MECHANICAL FIXTURE


Many companies have undertaken environmental audits or assessments to evaluate their own environmental performance. Advanced Automated Manufacturing, AAM (Juarez, Mexico), is one such company that has the capability to handle and intake special projects like, Electronic Master Boards, Prototype Design for mass production. The Electronic Master Board is a wooden board used to design the fixtures that represent electronic circuitry in various machineries. EMB’s are largely used by automotive corporations like GM and Ford to name a few. So, an approach to find out the environmental impact of the fixture after completion of the EMB is done using a Life Cycle Analysis tool called GaBi-4. The process involves the manufacturing, utilization and rework of the parts constituting the fixture with inputs from AAM.(Powerpoint Presentations HERE)

Group 3 

COMPARISON BETWEEN THE PRODUCTION OF THE PRIMARY ALUMINUM AND SECONDARY ALUMINUM

 

Aluminum: The most widely used natural resource. Statistics show that only 65% of Aluminum is recycled every year. In that way, we are not utilizing the extracted aluminum .To protect this natural resource and not to allow it to scarce, one should increase the recycling rate. In this project we show the process of recycling of the used aluminum. Initially, we show the extraction of aluminum from its ore to its grave. Then, the landfill of the primary aluminum becomes the raw material for the secondary aluminum. This ensures that the primary aluminum is used and recycled again with minimum waste and maximum usage. The Manufacturing process of both the primary and secondary aluminum is shown in GABI software which includes several plans and process. Comparison between the manufacturing process of primary and secondary aluminum is shown and a conclusion is drawn whether it is environmentally safe to implement the secondary aluminum manufacturing process. (Powerpoint Presentations HERE)

Group 4

MANUFACTURING OF AN AFTERBURNER FOR A CHARCOAL KILN

 

The amount of Toxic gases produced by a charcoal kiln has many adverse effects on the environment. The volatile organic gases of CO and NO which are emitted from the charcoal kiln results in several diseases along with the depletion of ozone layer and increase in temperatures. The main objective of this project is to manufacture an Afterburner for a charcoal kiln which helps in reduction of amount of toxic gases produced. The manufacturing of an Afterburner is shown in GABI 4 software using the 3 plans; manufacturing plan, utilization plan and recycling plan. Also, a comparison is drawn using two raw materials in manufacturing of the Afterburner. First, the manufacturing process is shown using steel as the raw material and then compared to the manufacturing process using another material or changing the percentages of mixture in the steel and the balances are checked for each process.(Powerpoint Presentations HERE)

   
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